How does Dust Collector Work?


A dust collection system works by capturing dust and debris in a stream of air and moving it through the system’s ductwork to a collection area. It’s powered by a dust collector that uses a large induction motor to drive a special type of fan called an impeller. Together, they generate the large volume of air flow required to move the substantial amounts of dust and debris produced by equipment.

Is it really necessary?

Here are a few reasons to start taking dust seriously right now.

1. Respiratory health

Research continues into the health consequences of long-term exposure to workshop dust. In the debate over the seriousness of the health risks, one thing seems to be universally accepted: the risks are real. A quick search on the Internet will bring up hundreds of sources of information on the health consequences associated with dust exposure, including the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH), a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Eye irritation, nasal dryness and/or congestion, prolonged colds, skin irritation, frequent headaches, asthma and cancer are among the specific conditions that have been linked to dust exposure. And the longer you’re exposed to dust, the more likely you are to become sensitized to it and have a reaction or experience other negative health effects.

2. Safety

It’s easy to put off clearing away a hazardous mess when you’re busy working. And that’s just what many workers do, even though it only takes a second to slip on or stumble over a pile of debris and end up with an injury that will keep them out of the shop for a long time. Fire is another danger posed by dust buildup. If you’ve ever used kindling in a fireplace, you know that ignites very easily when it’s cut into small pieces. It takes surprisingly little – a stray spark from a grinder, for example – to ignite the shavings and sawdust that your power tools produce. In extreme cases, fine airborne dust can reach levels that cause it to spontaneously explode.

3. A better working experience

It’s hard to do your best work if you’re trudging through mountains of shavings and coughing in a cloud of dust. A dust collection system can take care of that for you. Once installed, it will do a lot of the shop cleanup for you – while you work, not afterward. Not only will you have an easier time finding and getting to things in your shop, you’ll spend more time working and less time cleaning up dust.